Bananas are a fruit that grows on banana trees, originally from Pakistan and India but now cultivated in tropical regions such as Africa, the West Indies, and South America. Each tree can bear 45 to 150 bananas, which have a white, fleshy, and sweet pulp. They are different from plantain bananas, which are cooked as vegetables. Bananas come in various varieties and can have yellow, pink, red, or purplish outer skin, with the flavor changing accordingly.
Bananas are widely cultivated for export, and in such situations, they are harvested green and shipped while stored at around 16 to 20 degrees Celsius. In terms of nutrients, bananas pack a punch. Large-size bananas have high amounts of vitamin A, which is essential for the development of specialized tissue in the eyes, as well as for the growth of the skin and soft skeletal tissue. Vitamins B, including thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and folic acid, are also present in bananas and help to calm the nervous system. Additionally, bananas contain a small amount of vitamin C.